PC Engine

The PC Engine was released by NEC, a Japanese company, in 1987. The PC Engine was a collaborative effort between Japanese software maker Hudson Soft (which maintains a chip-making division) and NEC. Hudson was looking for financial backing for a game console they had designed, and NEC was looking to get into the lucrative game market. The PC Engine was and is a very small video game console, due primarily to a very efficient three-chip architecture and its use of HuCards, credit-card sized data cartridges. It featured an enhanced MOS Technology 65C02 processor and a custom 16-bit graphics processor, as well as a custom video encoder chip, all designed by Hudson.

The PC Engine was extremely popular in Japan, beating Nintendo's Famicom in sales soon after its release, with no fewer than twelve systems released from 1987 to 1993. It was capable of up to 512 colours at once in several resolutions, and featured very robust sprite handling abilities. The Hudson-designed chroma encoder delivered a video signal more vibrant and colourful than both the Famicom and the Sega Mega Drive/Sega Genesis and is largely regarded as the equal to Nintendo's Super Famicom, although that system was not released until 1990.

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As graphics technology improved, gamers continued to stick to the PC Engine despite its shortcomings. Erotic games were a key factor in making the PC Engine popular, and this popularity was maintained far past the lifespan of a regular video game console. New games were released for the PC Engine up until 1999.

It was the first console to have an optional CD module, allowing the standard benefits of the CD medium: more storage, cheaper media costs, and redbook audio. The efficient design, backing of many of Japan's major software producers, and the additional CD ROM capabilities gave the PC Engine a very wide variety of software, with several hundred games for each the HuCard and CD formats.

All PC Engine systems support the same controller peripherals, including pads, joysticks and multitaps. Except for the Vistar, Shuttle, X1, GT and systems with built-in CD ROM drives all PC Engine units shared the same expansion connector, which allowed for the use of devices such as the CD ROM unit, game saves and AV output.

The US TurboGrafx and Vistar units use a different controller port than the PC Engines, but adaptors are available and the protocol is the same. The TurboGrafx offers the same expansion connector pinout as the PC Engine, but has a slightly different shape so peripherals must be modified to fit.

Despite the system's initial success, it soon lost ground to the Super Famicom. NEC made one final effort to resuscitate the system with the release of the Arcade Card expansion, bringing the total amount of RAM up to a then-massive 2048K; many Arcade Card games were conversions of popular Neo-Geo titles. The additional memory even allowed the system to display pre-rendered 3D polygon graphics well beyond what the competing Super Famicom and Megadrive/Mega-CD could offer. By this time, however, it was too late -- only a relative handful of Arcade Card games were ever produced, and the expansion was never released in the U.S.

In 1994 NEC released a new console, the Japan-only PC-FX, a 32-bit system with a tower-like design; it enjoyed a small but steady stream of games until 1998, when NEC finally abandoned the video games industry.

The PC Engine GT is a portable version of the PC Engine. It had a very crisp screen and an optional TV tuner was available. It could play all of the PC Engine HuCard games, yet had low battery life.

Another variation of the hardware is the SuperGrafx. This system is very nearly the same as the original PCE, except it has a duplicate set of video chips (and an extra chip to coordinate the two) and four times as much RAM. Since the CPU was not upgraded most developers were unable to utilize the extra graphics capability, the CPU just could not keep up. Only five SuperGrafx games (and one hybrid game - Darius) were released, and the system fell into obscurity.

Other members of the PC Engine family include the Shuttle, the LT (a laptop version similar to the Game Boy Advance SP, but considerably larger), the CoreGrafx I and II, the Duo R and the Duo RX. Contrary to popular belief the CoreGrafx is not a European version of the PC Engine. It is simply a reengineered version of the original (white) PC Engine with an AV output instead of the original model's RF output. The PC Engine and its derivatives were never officially sold in Europe, although many systems and most accessories and games were available as imports. The PC Engine and its games had been extensively covered by most major European video game magazines and were surprisingly popular.

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PC Engine Core Grafx Pad Loose

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Box: 
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£18.00
Manual: 
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£18.00

This is the official grey NEC Core Grafx 2 joypad that comes boxed with the console. If you are looking for a replacement controller, these are the best - don't buy any third party inferior controllers, make sure you get the official ones! If you've got a multitap, why not get a copy of Bomberman and another two controllers and get your mates round for a Bomberman competition - the ultimate multi-player game! This item is fully tested and comes unboxed without instructions.

PC Engine AV Booster Loose

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£0.00
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£0.00

A PC Engine AV Booster. This little gadget connects to the back of your PC Engine and connects your machine to the TV via AV ports, giving improved sound & picture quality, and freeing up your TV RF port.  This item is unboxed and in good working order..

PC Engine Core Grafx 2 RGB Modified Console Boxed

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Box: 
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£180.00
Manual: 
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£180.00

The second Core Grafx PC Engine System. The worlds first 16bit console. This console has been modified so it can play on a PAL TV. It has had an RGB modification & RGB Amp fitted so it outputs full RGB - much better than the original AV output. Complete with RGB Scart lead, official joypad and power supply. This console comes boxed and has been tested an works fine.

PC Engine Super Grafx Console Boxed

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Notes: 
Complete with manual
Box: 
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£320.00
Manual: 
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£320.00

The upgraded PC Engine console. The Super Grafx is the successor to the original PC Engine consoles and has enhanced graphics and sounds. It is backwards compatible with all PC Engine games. This console is boxed with manuals and has been tested.

PC Engine RGB Modified White Console Boxed

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£120.00
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£120.00

The original Japanese PC Engine System. The worlds first 16bit console. Complete with joypad and power supply. An RGB modification has been performed on this console to give the best possible picture quality and an RGB scart cable is included. This console comes boxed with instructions. The console has been tested and works fine.

PC Engine Super CD-ROM 2 Console Boxed

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Box: 
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£190.00
Manual: 
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£190.00

The Japanese PC Engine Super CD-Rom 2 system. This is the attachment for your PC Engine Core Grafx console to upgrade it to play CD-Roms. Also included in the box is the piggy back power lead from your PC Engine console so you do not need two power supplies. The console comes boxed with instructions. The console has been tested and works fine.

PC Engine Duo Region Modified Console Loose

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Box: 
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£220.00
Manual: 
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£220.00

The Japanese Duo PC Engine and PC Engine Super CD combined system, plays both Hucards and Super CD-Rom games. This console has been modified so it can play Japanese and US Games - there is a switch installed to change the region. Complete with official joypad, AV Leads and UK power supply. This console comes unboxed and has been tested and works fine.

PC Engine RGB Modified Core Grafx 2 Console Boxed

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Box: 
yes
£120.00
Manual: 
yes
£120.00

The second Core Grafx PC Engine System. The worlds first 16bit console. This console has had an RGB modification and RGB amplifier with cable fitted so it outputs full RGB - much better than the original AV output. Complete with all parts, manuals and leaflets. Includes official joypad & UK power supply. RGB Scart Lead is fixed to the console. This console is boxed has been tested and works fine.

PC Engine Super CD-ROM 2 RGB Modified Console Boxed

Box: 
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£200.00
Manual: 
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£200.00

The Japanese PC Engine Super CD-Rom 2 system. This is the attachment for your PC Engine Core Grafx  console to upgrade it to play CD-Roms. This console has had the internal RGB  modification done on it\\'s AV port, has been fitted with an internal Amp to improve picture quality and also comes with an RGB Scart. This means you can run a normal unmodified Core Grafx through this and output in full RGB through the Super CD Rom unit.

PC Engine Region Modified Turbo Express Console Loose

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£90.00
Manual: 
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£90.00

The handheld equivalent of the US Turbo Grafx - the worlds first 16bit console. This console has been modified so it can play Japanese and US Games - there is a switch installed to change the region. 6xAA batteries are required (not included). Console has just one blown pixel, which seems to come and go. This console is loose without instructions. The console has been tested an works fine.

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